Salt has been historically used for preventing decay and preserving food, as many microbes are unable to survive under high salinities. Despite this, several organisms – also known as halophiles (from the greek “salt-loving”) – are specifically adapted and thrive under such conditions. The study of their biodiversity provides us important new biomolecules and biotechnological applications, which are vital resources for the Bioeconomy. Equally important, research on halophiles offers new insights on Life's resilience, and its possible existence outside our planet.

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