Synthetic biology applies the principles of engineering to biology, helping us to design, redesign and build novel biological systems. First applied to microorganisms it has enabled the industrialscale production of beneficial, bio-based products such as pharmaceuticals, flavourings and textiles. It is now advancing to multicellular organisms. In plants, the field is still in its infancy, yet the potential for plants as light-powered, sustainable biomanufacturing platforms is tremendous.

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