Near-infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a newly developed cell-selective cancer therapy with enormous potential for treating cancer in a variety of ways. NIR-PIT not only kills cancer cells, but can also eliminate other unfavourable cells including cancer stem cells and immunosuppressor cells, among others, without damaging favourable cells such as immune cells, vascular cells and tissue stem cells. This technique can efficiently activate anti-tumour host immunity in a way that can even cure untreated distant metastasis.

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