With the advent of optogenetics, numerous functions in cells have been rendered responsive to the experimental delivery of light. The most common implementation of this technique features neurons genetically modified to express light-sensitive ion channel proteins, which open specifically in response to pulses of blue light, triggering electrical impulses. Optogenetics has now matured to a point where in addition to answering fundamental questions about the function of the brain, scientists are beginning to consider clinical applications. However, further progress in this field will require new ways of delivering light. One of these involves the use of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), a display technology increasingly common in modern-day smart phones, for the optical stimulation of cells.

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