1. Chondroitin sulphate-serum protein complexes (A, B and C), successively precipitated by adding chondroitin sulphate to serum at three arbitrary descending pH values (5.2, 4.3 and 3.1), were dissociated at pH 6.7 and chromatographed on DEAE-Sephadex, when the liberated serum proteins were simultaneously freed of chondroitin sulphate and separated into five fractions. Evidence that serum proteins were precipitated as a result of electrostatic interactions with dissociated carboxylate groups on the glycosaminoglycan is presented. 2. Serum proteins (fraction G), unable to form complexes with chondroitin sulphate, contained 4.4% of sialic acid and accounted for 4 and 26% of the total protein and protein-bound sialic acid in serum respectively. This fraction interacted electrostatically with chondroitin sulphate only when rendered more basic by removal of sialic acid residues with neuraminidase. The heat stability, solubility properties and high carbohydrate content of fraction G classified it as a seromucoid fraction. 3. Fraction G contained several glycoprotein and hexuronic acid-containing fractions, including a hitherto undetected brown-pigmented high-molecular-weight serum component, which migrated in starch gel between the origin and Salpha(2)-globulin and contained 3.1 and 4.1% of sialic acid and hexuronic acid respectively. 4. Glycosaminoglycan-protein interactions are discussed in relation to protein fractionation. By prior removal of less acidic proteins by these interactions, a new technique is available for isolating serum seromucoids in higher yields and under milder conditions than existing methods.

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