1. The incorporation of labelled glucose into lipid by liver slices from sheep and cows is considerably less than that by liver slices from the rat, although oxidation to carbon dioxide occurs to a similar extent. ATP citrate lyase and NADP malate dehydrogenase are inactive in both sheep and cow liver but active in rat liver. The absence of the citrate-cleavage pathway of lipogenesis in ruminant liver has been confirmed by the negligible amounts of C-3 of aspartate incorporated into fatty acids. 2. Considerable amounts of [14C]acetate are incorporated into fatty acids and non-saponifiable lipid in rat and ruminant liver. Acetyl-CoA synthetase, the initial enzyme in the metabolism of acetate, has a high activity in liver from rat and ruminants. 3. In adipose tissue from ruminants more acetate than glucose is converted into lipids, whereas the converse is true in rat adipose tissue. The greater incorporation of [14C]acetate into fatty acids in adipose tissue from the ruminant as compared with the non-ruminant may be caused, in part, by the higher activity of acetyl-CoA synthetase activity in the ruminant. 4. The results suggest that, in both liver and adipose tissue from ruminants, acetate is a more important source of lipid than glucose. 5. Two enzymes of the hexose monophosphate shunt, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, are active in both tissues and from the three species.
The relative significance of acetate and glucose as precursors for lipid synthesis in liver and adipose tissue from ruminants
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R. W. Hanson, F. J. Ballard; The relative significance of acetate and glucose as precursors for lipid synthesis in liver and adipose tissue from ruminants. Biochem J 1 November 1967; 105 (2): 529–536. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1050529
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