1. Cystamine was reduced to the corresponding thiol by rat liver mitochondria, even in the presence of rotenone or antimycin A. 2. The reduction of disulphides was stimulated by the accumulation of NADH or by the addition of NADH to osmotically ‘shocked’ mitochondria. 3. Energy made available by oxidative phosphorylation was not essential for the reduction of disulphides. 4. Cystamine was not reduced during the oxidation of NADH by ultrasonically treated particles, which had lost their capacity for oxidation of α-oxo acids. 5. In intact mitochondria, arsenite and other inhibitors of vicinal dithiols caused a decrease in the capacity for reduction of disulphides concomitantly with an inhibition of the oxidation of α-oxo acids. 6. Isolated lipoamide dehydrogenase reduced cystamine at the expense of NADH, provided that lipoic acid was also present. 7. It is concluded that in mitochondria the reduction of cystamine and related disulphides is probably brought about by interaction with reduced lipoic acid, generated by the α-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes during the oxidation of α-oxo acids or by reaction of lipoamide dehydrogenase with NADH.
Research Article| July 01 1968
The mechanism of disulphide reduction by mitochondria
Biochem J (1968) 108 (4): 693–699.
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S. Skrede; The mechanism of disulphide reduction by mitochondria. Biochem J 1 July 1968; 108 (4): 693–699. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1080693
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