1. 5-Phosphoribosyl 1-methylenediphosphonate was isolated after reaction of ribose 5-phosphate and O-adenylyl methylenediphosphonate with 5-phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase from Ehrlich ascites-tumour cells. 2. The analogue reacted with adenine phosphoribosyltransferase, hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase and nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase [Km (analogue)/Km (5-phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate) 0·17, 0·19 and 6·3 respectively; Vmax. (analogue)/Vmax. (5-phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate) 0·011, 0·26 and 1·1 respectively]. 3. The analogue was not a substrate for 5-phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate amidotransferase or orotate phosphoribosyltransferase. 4. Ribose 5-phosphorothioate was synthesized by allowing ribose to react with thiophosphoryl chloride in triethyl phosphate. The analogue was a substrate for 5-phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase from Ehrlich ascites-tumour cells. When this reaction was coupled to either adenine phosphoribosyltransferase or hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase, adenosine 5′-phosphorothioate or inosine 5′-phosphorothioate was formed respectively.

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