1. Urease of specific activity 160–180 Sumner units/g. (Sumner, 1951) was purified from jack-bean meal. The preparation was pure on the basis of polyacryl-amide-gel electrophoresis and N-terminal studies. 2. By using both the 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene method and the phenyl isothiocyanate method a single N-terminal methionine residue was found. 3. A single C-terminal sequence -Tyr-Leu-Phe was found by studies with carboxypeptidase A, carboxypeptidase B and hydrazinolysis. 4. N-Bromosuccinimide cleavage showed that five unique tryptophan sequences were present: Trp-Ala, Trp-Glu, Trp-Gly, Trp-Met and Trp-Arg. 5. Polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate showed that urease had a subunit molecular weight of 76000. 6. The yield of N- and C-terminal amino acids, the number of tryptic peptides and tryptophan sequences and the above polyacrylamide-gel electrophoretic measurement all suggest that urease contains a single structural subunit of molecular weight 75000.

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