1. Immunoglobulin G was isolated from sera of non-immunized rabbits or rabbits immunized with whole HeLa cell homogenate. The anti-HeLa immunoglobulin G and its Fab fragment precipitated the particulate 400000g-min. fraction of HeLa cell homogenate. 2. Immunoglobulin G from immunized or non-immunized rabbits and fresh or inactivated complement were added to HeLa cell cultures. Changes in the cell count and cellular contents of DNA, RNA, protein, total and individual phospholipids, cholesterol (and esters) and ganglioside were followed. 3. Addition of immunoglobulin G from non-immunized rabbits and guinea-pig serum (complement) caused a transient increase in DNA followed by a permanent increase in RNA, protein, dry weight and number of cells per culture. 4. Addition of anti-HeLa immunoglobulin G and active complement caused an increase in the cellular content of cholesterol, total phospholipids, lysophosphatidylcholine and lysophosphatidylethanolamine greater than the increase of the controls and a decrease in the molar percentages of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine as compared with the controls. 5. The cholesterol/phospholipid ratio remained constant. 6. The appearance of lysophosphoglycerides was transient, reaching a maximum 3hr. after addition of anti-HeLa immunoglobulin G. 7. The content of lysophosphoglycerides in HeLa cultures exposed to immunoglobulin G from non-immunized rabbits ranged from 50% to 30% of the values obtained from cultures exposed to the anti-HeLa immunoglobulin G and complement. 8. The changes in the lipid pattern of the HeLa cells were associated with the appearance of juxta-nuclear vacuoles in cells, but were apparently not specifically related to the presence of active complement.

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