1. The following enzymes of the phosphorylated pathway of serine biosynthesis have been found in methanol- and succinate-grown Pseudomonas AM1: phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase, phosphoserine-α-oxoglutarate aminotransferase and phosphoserine phosphohydrolase. Their specific activities were similar in the organism grown on either substrate. 2. A procedure for preparation of auxotrophic mutants of Pseudomonas AM1 is described involving N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine as mutagen and a penicillin enrichment step. 3. A mutant, M-15A, has been isolated that is unable to grow on methanol and that lacks phenazine methosulphate-linked methanol dehydrogenase. The mutant is able to grow on methylamine, showing that the amine is not oxidized by way of methanol. 4. Loss of methanol dehydrogenase activity in mutant M-15A led to loss of phenazine methosulphate-linked formaldehyde dehydrogenase activity showing that the same enzyme is probably responsible for both activities. 5. A mutant, 20B-L, has been isolated that cannot grow on any C1 compound tested but can grow on succinate. 6. Mutant 20B-L lacks hydroxypyruvate reductase, and revertants that regained the ability to grow on methanol, methylamine and formate contained hydroxypyruvate reductase activity at specific activities similar to that of the wild-type organism. This shows that hydroxypyruvate reductase is necessary for growth on methanol, methylamine and formate but not for growth on succinate. 7. The results suggest that during growth of Pseudomonas AM1 on C1 compounds, serine is converted into 3-phosphoglycerate by a non-phosphorylated pathway, whereas during growth on succinate, phosphoglycerate is converted into serine by a phosphorylated pathway.

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