1. The collagen hydroxyproline in rat liver was composed of 3.5% neutral-soluble collagen, 4.9% acid-soluble collagen and 91.6% insoluble collagen. In labelling studies with [14C]proline in vitro, the specific radioactivities of neutral-soluble, acid-soluble and insoluble collagens in rat liver were found to be 233000, 69000 and 830d.p.m./μmol of hydroxyproline respectively after 1h. 2. During subacute carbon tetrachloride poisoning the hepatic content of insoluble collagen markedly increased, whereas those of soluble collagens did not change. During recovery from subacute poisoning hepatic contents of soluble collagens were markedly decreased. 3. After 8 weeks of carbon tetrachloride poisoning the specific radioactivities of hepatic soluble collagens increased, while that of insoluble collagen decreased. During recovery from subacute poisoning, the specific radioactivities of soluble collagens decreased to the normal range and that of insoluble collagen further decreased. 4. Hepatic collagenolytic activity solubilizing insoluble collagen, which differs from mammalian collagenase, decreased under the conditions of the subacute poisoning and also during recovery from subacute poisoning.

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