Solutions of C-phycocyanin of very low concentrations were examined by sedimentation-velocity studies in the Spinco model E ultracentrifuge equipped with a photoelectric scanning system and a monochromator. At sufficiently low concentrations complete disaggregation from the hexamer to the monomer was observed. The equilibrium constant of monomer to hexamer was estimated to be approx. 1030. For studies of aggregation over the complete range of concentration, C-phycocyanins from Phormidium luridum and Lyngbya sp. were used. Sedimentation-velocity studies at high concentration with schlieren optics are reported for C-phycocyanins from Anabaena variabilis and Lyngbya sp. The pH-dependence of aggregation and the temperature-dependence of trimer–hexamer equilibrium for phycocyanins from these algae were found to be similar to those of other C-phycocyanins. The principal feature of the pH-dependence is the dominance of hexamers at the isoelectric point. Increasing temperature increased the amount of hexamer and decreased the amount of trimer.

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