1. Phenol was effectively removed from aqueous extracts of RNA by chromatography on Sephadex G-50. 2. Elution of tRNA from Sephadex G-50 columns at pH7.6 was shown to remove 91% of the endogenously bound amino acids. 3. tRNA prepared without recourse to ethanolic precipitation was capable of accepting much greater amounts of amino acids than could redissolved samples of precipitated tRNA. 4. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase enzymes were partially purified with calcium phosphate gel. Elution of enzymes from the gel at pH6.5 yielded a fraction having phenylalanine- and alanine-charging activity, but no aspartate-, lysine- or proline-charging activity, whereas elution at pH7.6 gave a fraction having aspartate-, lysine- and proline-charging activity but no phenylalanine- or alanine-charging activity. 5. By using partially synthetase enzymes and tRNA eluted from DEAE-Sephadex A-50 columns, 52% of the theoretical maximum of aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis was obtained in vitro.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.