1. Two different gels have been prepared suitable for the separation of a number of enzymes, in particular NAD+-dependent dehydrogenases, by affinity chromatography. For both the matrix used was Sepharose 4B. For preparation (a), NAD+–Sepharose, 6-aminohexanoic acid has been coupled to the gel by the cyanogen bromide method and then NAD+ was attached by using dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide; for preparation (b), AMP–Sepharose, N6-(6-aminohexyl)-AMP has been coupled directly to cyanogen bromide-activated gel. 2. Affinity columns of both gels retain only the two enzymes when a mixture of bovine serum albumin, lactate dehydrogenase and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase is applied. Subsequent elution with the cofactor NAD+ yields glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase whereas lactate dehydrogenase is eluted by applying the same molarity of the reduced cofactor. 3. The binding of both glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase to the gel tested, AMP–Sepharose, is strong enough to resist elution by gradients of KCl of up to at least 0.5m. A 0.0–0.15m gradient of the competitive inhibitor salicylate, however, elutes both enzymes efficiently and separately. 4. The elution efficiency of lactate dehydrogenase from AMP–Sepharose has been examined by using a series of eluents under comparable conditions of concentration etc. The approximate relative efficiencies are: 0 (lactate); 0 (lactate+semicarbazide); 0 (0.5mm-NAD+); 80 (lactate+NAD+); 95 (lactate+semicarbazide+NAD+); 100 (0.5mm-NADH). 5. All contaminating lactate dehydrogenase activity can be removed from commercially available crude pyruvate kinase in a single-step procedure by using AMP–Sepharose.
General ligands in affinity chromatography. Cofactor–substrate elution of enzymes bound to the immobilized nucleotides adenosine 5′-monophosphate and nicotinamide–adenine dinucleotide
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K. Mosbach, H. Guilford, R. Ohlsson, M. Scott; General ligands in affinity chromatography. Cofactor–substrate elution of enzymes bound to the immobilized nucleotides adenosine 5′-monophosphate and nicotinamide–adenine dinucleotide. Biochem J 1 May 1972; 127 (4): 625–631. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1270625
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