Catecholamines induced an increase in the activity of rat adipose tissue and liver phosphopyruvate carboxylases that was maintained for 48h. The response of adipose tissue phosphopyruvate carboxylase was blocked by actinomycin D, corticosteroids and propranolol, whereas corticosteroids and propranolol did not affect the liver enzyme. Cortisol phosphate, like actinomycin D, interfered only with the initiation of the increase in enzyme activity caused by noradrenaline, but not with the process of enzyme accumulation. In contrast, cycloheximide was effective in blocking enzyme induction throughout the course of the catecholamine effect. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone caused a short-term induction of adipose tissue phosphopyruvate carboxylase, which could be blocked by propranolol. Hepatic phosphopyruvate carboxylase, but not the adipose tissue enzyme, was induced by dibutyryladenosine 3′:5′-cyclic monophosphate and by glucagon. Both nicotinic acid and nicotinamide decreased the normal induction of adipose tissue phosphopyruvate carboxylase caused by starvation, but only nicotinamide increased the activity of the liver enzyme.

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