The pathway of oxidation of picolinamide (pyridine-2-carboxamide) by a Gram-negative rod has been elucidated. Under conditions of high pH, restricted aeration and high substrate concentration, whole cells released 2,5-dihydroxypyridine into culture supernatants. Sodium arsenite at 5mm caused whole cells to accumulate 6-hydroxypicolinate, and, at 1mm, pyruvate, in culture media. Whole cells oxidized picolinamide, picolinate, 6-hydroxypicolinate, maleamate and maleate without lag. Cell-free extracts converted picolinamide into picolinate, and hydroxylated picolinate to 6-hydroxypicolinate. The hydroxylase was particulate, but could be solubilized by ultrasonic treatment; it required NAD+ for activity, and did not require molecular oxygen. 2,5-Dihydroxypyridine was converted into maleamate and formate by an oxygenase requiring GSH and Fe2+. Maleamate was deamidated to maleate, and maleate isomerized to fumarate, by unsupplemented extracts.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.