1. A cell fraction has been isolated from guinea-pig liver and shown to be rich in Golgi apparatus by electron microscopy. The activity of UDP-d-galactose-N-acetylglucosamine galactosyltransferase was over 100-fold greater in this cell fraction than in the liver homogenate. These data support the conclusion that the fraction was enriched in Golgi apparatus. 2. The Golgi cisternae and secretory vesicles contained electron-dense particles of 10–80nm diameter. Disruption of the Golgi apparatus cell fraction released these particles, which were separated into VLD (very-low-density) and LD (low-density) species on the basis of their density. 3. The Golgi VLD particles possessed morphological, flotational, chemical and immunochemical properties which closely resembled those of the serum VLD lipoproteins from the same animals. 4. The Golgi LD particles were rich in phospholipid, containing 48.1% by weight. The chemical composition of these particles was quite distinct from that of the serum LD lipoproteins, but did, however, show some similarity to that of the serum VLD lipoproteins. A marked resemblance was noted in the chemical characteristics of the Golgi LD and VLD particles (with the exception of triglyceride content). In addition, these two species of Golgi particles possessed the same antigenic determinant. 5. The results suggest that the Golgi VLD particles are the precursors of the serum VLD lipoproteins. On the basis of similarities in gross chemical composition and in the antigenic determinant of the Golgi LD and VLD particles, we conclude that the LD particles are probably the precursors of the VLD particles. In view of the marked differences in gross chemical composition of the Golgi LD particles and serum LD lipoproteins, it appears unlikely that the LD particles are directly secreted into the serum pool.

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