1. Soluble lysates and membranes were prepared from chromaffin granules isolated from bovine adrenal medulla. The detergent N-cetylpyridinium chloride was used for solubilizing the membrane proteins, including the membrane-bound dopamine (2,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) β-hydroxylase. The solubilized proteins were fractionated by Sephadex chromatography in the presence of N-cetylpyridinium chloride. The major component of the membrane proteins, i.e. chromomembrin A, was identified as the enzyme dopamine β-hydroxylase. 2. The addition of N-cetylpyridinium chloride to the soluble lysate caused precipitation of up to 96% of the proteins, but only a small proportion of the dopamine β-hydroxylase activity was precipitated. The only protein demonstrable in the supernatant by polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis was the protein that has a lower mobility than chromogranin A in disc gel electrophoresis. This component has been identified previously as dopamine β-hydroxylase. Thus, this method provides an extremely simple isolation procedure for dopamine β-hydroxylase. 3. A comparison of the membrane-bound and soluble dopamine β-hydroxylases revealed the identity of these two preparations. Both were activated by N-cetylpyridinium chloride, they migrated identically in polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, their amino acid composition was very similar and an immunological cross-reaction could be demonstrated.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.