Accessible surface proteins of thymus-derived lymphocytes (T-cells) of normal CBA mice and bone-marrow-derived lymphocytes (B-cells) of congenitally athymic nu/nu mice were analysed. The surfaces of lymphocytes were radioiodinated by using the enzyme lactoperoxidase (EC 18.104.22.168), then solubilized either in acid–urea or in the non-ionic detergent Nonidet P-40. These lysates were then precipitated with antisera specific to either immunoglobulin or the θ-alloantigen in order to assess the presence of these surface markers. Comparable amounts of radioactivity in proteins specifically precipitable as immunoglobulin were obtained from T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes when the cells were disrupted by acid–urea. This immunoglobulin had mol. wt. approx. 180000 and was composed of light chains and μ-type heavy chains. When radioiodinated lymphocytes were solubilized with Nonidet P-40, 3–4% of radioiodinated high-molecular-weight protein of B-cells consisted of immunoglobulin, a result similar to that found with acid–urea extraction. However, with the detergent extraction, only 0.1% of T-cell surface protein was precipitable by anti-globulin reagents. The θ-alloantigen was isolated from CBA T-cells both by acid–urea and by detergent lysis. This protein possessed a mobility on polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate which was consistent with a mol. wt. of 60000. An identical component was isolated from the θ-positive thymoma WEHI 105. The θ-antigen was not isolated from B-cells by either of the extraction procedures used. These results provide further evidence that the surface membranes of normal T-cells and B-cells differ in physicochemical properties. In particular, various surface components possess differential solubilities in non-ionic or organic solvents. This observation provides an explanation for discrepant results that have appeared in the literature concerning the isolation of immunoglobulin from T-lymphocytes.
Surface proteins of thymus-derived lymphocytes and bone-marrow-derived lymphocytes. Selective isolation of immunoglobulin and the θ-antigen by non-ionic detergents
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Robert E. Cone, John J. Marchalonis; Surface proteins of thymus-derived lymphocytes and bone-marrow-derived lymphocytes. Selective isolation of immunoglobulin and the θ-antigen by non-ionic detergents. Biochem J 1 June 1974; 140 (3): 345–354. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1400345
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