Nuclear and cytoplasmic fractions were prepared from exponentially-growing BHK-21/C13 cells; DNA polymerase was extracted from them and analysed by gel filtration and sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation. DNA polymerase I is heterogeneous comprising species covering a considerable range of molecular weights. These have been tentatively identified as four subspecies of apparent molecular weights 900000-1000000 (IA), 460000-560000 (IB), 270000-320000 (IC) and 140000-200000 (ID), as assessed by gel filtration through Sepharose 6B. DNA polymerase II has a mol.wt. of 46000 +/- 4000 as assessed by gel filtration on Sepharose 6B, and 48000 +/- 2000 as assessed by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100. Sedimentation analyses on sucrose density gradients showed that the DNA polymerase I species had sedimentation coefficients predominantly in the range 6-8 S. DNA polymerase II had predominantly a sedimentation coefficient of 3.2 S although a component with lower sedimentation coefficient was found. The lack of correlation between the molecular weights derived from gel filtration and the sedimentation coefficients is attributed to molecular asymmetry. DNA polymerase I was found to be associated predominantly with the cytoplasm although certain types of nuclear preparation contained large amounts of it. DNA polymerase II was found to be mostly if not exclusively in nuclear preparations.

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