1. The intestinal transport of glycine and leucine residues of glycyl-L-leucine was studied in the monkey and in the human in vitro. Uptake of both [14C]glycyl-L-leuine and glycyl-L-[14C]leucine show similar Kt values, but there is a marked difference in the Vmax. values. Preliminary studies suggest that this anomalous difference in the Vmax. values may be due to the greater efflux rate of glycine from the tissue. 2. Arrhenius plots of both [14C]glycyl-L-leucine uptake and glycyl-L-[14C]leucine uptake in the monkey intestine show a discontinuity at about 20 degrees C. The activation energies above and below the discontinuity are similar for both [14C]glycyl-L-leucine uptake and glycyl-L-[14C]leucine uptake. These similarities in uptake characteristics suggest that the dipeptide glycyl-L-leucine is transported as one unit. 3. In the monkey intestine, glycyl-L-leucine uptake is inhibited by a wide variety of dipeptides, including those containing acidic and basic amino acids. The inhibition was shown to be competitive by using four representative dipeptides namely: L-alanyl-L-alanine, L-alanyl-L-leucine, L-glutamyl-L-glutamic acid and L-lysyl-L-lysine. The results strongly suggest that in the monkey intestine there may be a dipeptide-uptake system with an extremely broad specificity. These results were also confirmed in the human in a limited way.

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