1. The kinetics of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine synthesis in rat liver were followed 5-60 min after the intraportal injection of [14-C]choline and [3-H]-ethanolamine. 2. At all time-intervals the specific radioactivity of CDP-choline was only about half that of phosphorylcholine. This indicated that CDP-choline was formed at a similar rate from phosphorylcholine and phosphatidylcholines, the latter probably through the reverse reaction of cholinephosphotransferase (EC In view of recent data obtained from experiments in vitro this implies a significant role for the cholinephosphotransferase reaction in the turnover of molecular species of phosphatidylcholine. 3. The specific radioactivity of CDP-ethanolamine was about twice that of phosphorylethanolamine at all time-intervals studied. This supports a previous suggestion that the liver phosphorylethanolamine pool is subject to compartmentation and shows that there is no rapid equilibration between different pools. In contrast with a recent study, no evidence was found for any significant methylation of phosphoryl-or CDP-ethanolamine to the corresponding choline derivative. 4. Quantitative data on the biosynthesis of molecular species of phosphoLIPIDS via CDP derivatives were calculated according to simple kinetic models. They were in the same range as those calculated from earlier data on precusors incorporated via diacylglycerols. 5. The proportion of radioactive phosphatidylethanolamines appearing in the plasma was approximately ten times lower than that for phosphatidylcholines. No selectivity was observed in the transfer into plasma of different molecular species of phosphatidylethanolamine.

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