1. After incubation of bovine glomeruli with D-[U-14C]glucose, about 21% of the total radioactivity is found in lipid extracts of glomerular basement membranes. 2. The concentration of lipids in glomerular basement membranes (4.3% of dry wt.) is lower than in the residual glomerular particles (10.8% of dry wt.). The concentrations of neutral lipids (13.9%), phospholipids (46.7%) and cholesterol (37.9%) in the total lipid extract of the glomerular basement membranes, however, differ from those in the residual glomerular particles (15.6, 54.0 and 30.9% respectively). Though residual glomerular particles show a higher lipid content, the radioactivity in this fraction only amounts to 38% of that found in the glomerular basement membranes. 3. The specific radioactivity of total glomerular basement-membrane lipids (12 600 d.p.m./mg) is about 4 times as high as that of the glomerular basement membranes. The specific radioactivities of the individual lipid components, however, differ. The highest values are found for phosphatidylcholine and triacylglycerols. The largest proportion of the radioactivity is found in the glycerol of the glycerides. The radioactivity in the fatty acids is much less and does not differ significantly in the various classes of lipids. 4. G.1.c. of methyl esters of the fatty acids does not reveal a clear difference between the fatty acid compositions of glomerular basement membranes and residual glomerular particles. 5. Treatment of glomerular basement-membrane preparations with ultrasound, the generally used procedure for glomerular basement-membrane preparations, drastically decreases the lipid content of glomerular basement membranes. 6. It is concluded that lipids are associated with the basement membranes. Further, the comparatively high radioactive labelling suggests that glomerular basement-membrane lipids may be an interesting class of substances for further pathological studies.

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