1. Extracts of several plant species contained nucleoside-AMP phosphotransferase activity. The ratio of activity with thymidine to that with uridine as nucleoside substrate was essentially constant, both between species and throughout plant development. Evidence is presented that the total thymidine-AMP phosphotransferase activity of the leaves of Asplenium nidus (bird's-nest fern) and of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) increases during maturation. 2. Thymidine-AMP phosphotransferase was purified 22-fold from a very rich source of this activity, extracts of A. nidus. 3. A broad specificity towards both nucleoside and nucleoside 5′-monophosphate substrates is displayed by this preparation, and the evidence suggests that all could be due to a single enzyme. 4. Nucleosides that act as substrates will also inhibit phosphotransfer to other nucleosides, with Ki values close to the corresponding Km values found when utilized as substrates. 5. Ca2+-activated ATP phosphohydrolase was separated from the phosphotransferase by differential complexing to Blue Dextran in the presence of urea, whereas an AMP phosphohydrolase activity was closely associated with thymidine-AMP phosphotransferase through all separation techniques used. 6. Metal ions did not activate either of the latter two activities, and 1,10-phenanthroline was found to inhibit the phosphotransferase. 7. Km values for AMP for the respective activities were 0.11 mM (thymidine phosphotransferase) and 0.20 mM (AMP phosphohydrolase) and for thymidine (phosphotransferase only) 0.88 mM. 8. 3′:5′-Cyclic AMP was found to inhibit both phosphotransferase and AMP phosphohydrolase activities, with Ki values of 0.056 mM and 0.15 mM respectively. It is suggested that this inhibitor would be of value in revealing the existence of thymidine kinase in plant extracts with high thymidine phosphotransferase activity.

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