1. The specific activity of yeast hexokinase A depends on the concentration of the protein in the solution being assayed. When a solution containing 13.5 mg of hexokinase A/ml is diluted 10-100-fold at various values of pH and temperature, there is a gradual decline in the specific activity of the enzyme until an equilibrium value is reached, which varies with the chosen experimental conditions. 2. The catalytic activity lost when hexokinase A (1 mg/ml) is incubated at 30degreesC is recovered by lowering the temperature to 25degreesC. 3. These concentration- and temperature-dependent phenomena are consistent with the existence of a monomer-dimer equilibrium in which the dimer alone is the catalytic form of the enzyme. 4. Glucose alone prevents the decline in specific activity of hexokinase A after dilution, but it does not re-activate dilute solutions solutions of the enzyme. It is concluded that glucose binds to both the dimer and the monomer and prevents both association and dissociation. 5. The progress curve describing the phosphorylation of glucose catalysed by hexokinase A does not attain a steady state. It is possible that dissociation of catalytically active dimers in a ternary complex with glucose and ATP (or glucose 6-phosphate and ADP) could explain the non-linearity of this progress curve.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.