Liver slices from chicks affected by the fatty liver and kidney syndrome display an extremely low extent of hepatic gluconeogenesis which is associated with decreased activities of certain rate-limiting gluconeogenic enzymes. Pyruvate carboxylase activity is particularly severely affected, being less than 4% of control values. Incubation of affected slices in a biotin-containing nutrient medium restores both gluconeogenesis and pyruvate carboxylase actiivity (the latter to approx. 35% of the control valve). Activities of the other enzymes studied were not greatly affected by this treatment. Restoration of gluconeogenesis did not occur if biotin was excluded from the nutrient medium, nor was it prevented by protein-synthesis inhibitors. It is concluded that the syndrome involves the lack of available biotin in the liver rather than suppression of apocarboxylase synthesis.

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