In the preceding paper (Allen and Thoma, 1976) we developed a depolymerase computer model, which uses a minimization routine to establish a subsite map for a depolymerase. In the present paper we show how the model is applied to experimental data for two alpha-amylases. Michaelis parameters and bond-cleavage frequencies for substrates of chain lengths up to twelve glucosyl units have been reported for Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, and a subsite map has been proposed for this enzyme [Thoma et al. (1971) J. Biol. Chem. 246, 5621-5635]. By applying the computer model to the experimental data, we have arrived at a ten-subsite map. We find that a significant improvement in this map is achieved by allowing the hydrolytic rate coefficient to vary as a function of the number of occupied subsites comprising the enzyme-binding region. The bond-cleavage frequencies, the enzyme is found to have eight subsites. A partial subsite map is arrived at, but the entire binding region cannot be mapped because Michaelis parameters are complicated by transglycosylation reactions. The hydrolytic rate coefficients for this enzyme are not constant.
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Research Article| October 01 1976
Subsite mapping of enzymes. Application of the depolymerase computer model to two α-amylases
Biochem J (1976) 159 (1): 121–132.
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J D Allen, J A Thoma; Subsite mapping of enzymes. Application of the depolymerase computer model to two α-amylases. Biochem J 1 October 1976; 159 (1): 121–132. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1590121
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