1. The total activity of glycogen synthease increased 20-fold from day 17 of gestation to birth at day 22, with a further increase of 18% in the 24h after birth. Active synthase (I) rose 45-fold to a maximum at day 21, fell 40% before birth, and then increased by a similar amount 24h after birth. The fraction of synthase in the active form correlated very well with the deposition of glycogen in the liver. 2. Total phosphorylase had a similar developmental pattern of total synthease with an 18-fold increase from day 17 to day 22. The appearance of active phosphorylase showed a lag-period compared with total phosphorylase and did not increase significantly until day 20. The fraction of phosphorylase in the active form did not correlate at all with glycogen deposition or mobilization. 3. There was a close relationshp between the ratio of phosphorylase a/synthase I and the glycogen content of the liver. An increase or decrease in this ratio would result in glycogenolysis of glycogenesis respectively. 4. It is postulated that a cycle between the two enzymes under basal conditions could exist which permits a continuous turnover of glycogen. Such a system would explain why active phosphorylase is always seen, even under conditions of net glycogen synthesis. The differences in hormone sensitivity of synthase and phosphorylase would also be accounted for as only one enzyme would have to respond acutely to hormonal influences.

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