1. When rat spleen mitochondria are incubated with oxidizable substrates, added MgCl2 (greater than 150 muM free concentration) markedly stimulates state-4 respiration and lowers both the respiratory control and ADP/O ratios; this effect is reversible on addition of excess of EDTA. 2. With [gamma-32P]ATP as substrate, an Mg2+-stimulated ATPase (adenosine triphosphate) was identified in the atractyloside-insensitive and EDTA-accessible space of intact rat spleen mitochondria. 3. Oligomycin has no effect on the activity of the Mg2+-stimulated ATPase at a concentration (2.0mug/mg of protein) that completely inhibits the atractyloside-sensitive reaction. Of the two ATPase activities, only the atracytoloside sensitive reaction is stimulated (approx. 40%) by dinitrophenol. 4. On digitonin fractionation the atractyloside-insensitive Mg2+-stimulated ATPase co-purifies with the outer membrane-fraction of rat spleen mitochondria, whereas (as expected) the atractylosidesensitive activity co-purifies with the inner-membrane plus matrix fraction. 5. Stoicheiometric amounts of ADP and Pi are produced as the end products of ATP hydrolysis by purified outer-membrane fragments; no significant AMP production is detected during the time-course of the reaction. 6. The outer-membrane ATPase is present in rat kidney cortex and heart mitochondria as well as in spleen, but is absent from rat liver, thymus, brain, lung, diaphragm and skeletal muscle.
Location of an oligomycin-insensitive and magnesium ion-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase in rat spleen mitochondria
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E K Vijayakumar, M J Weidemann; Location of an oligomycin-insensitive and magnesium ion-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase in rat spleen mitochondria. Biochem J 15 November 1976; 160 (2): 383–393. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1600383
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