1. The effects of thyroliberin were studied in cultured rat pituitary-tumour cells that synthesize and secrete prolactin (the GH4C1 cell strain). 2. Prolactin and cyclic AMP were measured by radioimmunological methods, and a cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase was characterized by using histone as substrate. 3. Prolactin release was studied after 5-60min of treatment, and synthesis after 48h of treatment with thyroliberin. One-half maximum stimulation of release and synthesis were observed at 0.25 and at 4nM respectively. 4. Cyclic AMP was temporarily increased in cell suspensions after treatment with thyroliberin, and one-half maximum stimulation was observed at 25nM. 5. Dibutyryl cyclic AMP increased prolactin release and synthesis, one-half maximum effects being obtained at 20 micronM. 6. A cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, which was one-half maximally stimulated at 30 nM-cyclic AMP, was demonstrated. 7. An increase in the activity ratio (-cyclic AMP/+cyclic AMP) of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase was observed after treatment with thyroliberin. Total protein kinase activity in the presence of cyclic AMP was unaltered. The time-course of enzyme activation was similar to that of cyclic AMP formation and corresponded to the time when prolactin release was first observed. 8. It is concluded that thyroliberin induces cyclic AMP formation, resulting in the activation of a cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
Effect of thyroliberin on the concentration of adenosine 3′:5′-phosphate and on the activity of adenosine 3′:5′-phosphate-dependent protein kinase in prolactin-producing cells in culture
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K M Gautvik, E Walaas, O Walaas; Effect of thyroliberin on the concentration of adenosine 3′:5′-phosphate and on the activity of adenosine 3′:5′-phosphate-dependent protein kinase in prolactin-producing cells in culture. Biochem J 15 February 1977; 162 (2): 379–386. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1620379
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