1. We used 11 different inhibitors of energy conservation as inhibitors of ATPase (adenosine triphosphatase) in extracts of Schizosaccharomyces pombe obtained from cells at different stages of the cell cycle. 2. All the inhibitors showed cell-cycle-dependent variations in their I50 values (microng of inhibitor/mg of protein giving 50% inhibition of inhibitor-sensitive ATPase at pH 8.6). 3. From the sensitivity profiles through the cell cycle it was concluded that: (a) oligomycin, venturicidin, triethyltin sulphate and dibutylchloromethyltin chloride all act at closely associated site(s); (b) NN'-dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide and leucinostatin both act at a similar site, which is, however, distinct from that at which other inhibitors of the membrane factor (Fo) act. 4. The variations in I50 values for efrapeptin closely followed changes in specific activity of ATPase, as would be expected for an inhibitor acting at catalytic sites; these fluctuations were different from those for aurovertin, Dio-9, 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan, quercetin and spegazzinine, all of which show different sensitivity profiles from one another. 5. Anomalous stepwise inhibitor-titration curves were obtained for spegazzinine, NN'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, dibutylchloromethyltin chloride and leucinostatin. 6. Possible explanations are proposed for the discontinuous expression of inhibitor-binding sites during the cell cycle.

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