The subcomponents C1r and C1s and their activated forms C-1r and C-1s were each found to have mol.wts. in dissociating solvents of about 83000. The amino acid compositions of each were similar, but there were significant differences in the monosaccharide analyses of subcomponents C1r and C1s, whether activated or not. Subcomponents C1r and C1s have only one polypeptide chain, but subcomponents C-1r and C-1s each contain two peptide chains of approx. mol.wts. 56000 (“a” chain) and 27000 (“b” chain). The amino acid analyses of the “a” chains from each activated subcomponent are similar, as are those of the “b” chains. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of 29 residues of the C-1s “a” chain was determined, but the C-1r “a” chain has blocked N-terminal amino acid. The 20 N-terminal residues of both “b” chains are similar, but not identical, and both show obvious homology with other serine proteinases. The difference in polysaccharide content of the subcomponents C-1r and C-1s is most marked in the ‘b’ chains. When tested on synthetic amino acid esters, subcomponent C-1r hydrolysed both lysine and tyrosine ester bonds, but subcomponent C-1r did not hydrolyse any amino acid esters tested nor any protein substrate except subcomponent C1s. The lysine esterase activity of subcomponent C1s provides a rapid and sensitive assay of the subcomponent.
The structure and enzymic activities of the C1r and C1s subcomponents of C1, the first component of human serum complement
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R B Sim, R R Porter, K B M Reid, I Gigli; The structure and enzymic activities of the C1r and C1s subcomponents of C1, the first component of human serum complement. Biochem J 1 May 1977; 163 (2): 219–227. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1630219
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