1. The activities of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.4.2) were measured in hearts and mammary glands of rats, mice, rabbits, guinea pigs, cows, sheep, goats and in the flight muscles of several Hymenoptera. 2. The activity of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase was similar to the maximum flux through the tricarboxylic acid cycle in vivo. Therefore measuring the activity of this enzyme may provide a simple method for estimating the maximum flux through the cycle for comparative investigations. 3. The activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.4.1) in mammalian hearts were similar to those of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, suggesting that in these tissues the tricarboxylic acid cycle can be supplied (under some conditions) by acetyl-CoA derived from pyruvate alone. 4. In the lactating mammary glands of the rat and mouse, the activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase exceeded those of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, reflecting a flux of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA for fatty acid synthesis in addition to that of oxidation via the tricarboxylic acid cycle. In ruminant mammary glands the activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase were similar to those of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, reflecting the absence of a significant flux of pyruvate to fatty acids in these tissues.

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