1. Approx. 85% of liver phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase is associated with the mitochondrial fraction in the fed guinea pig. Enzyme activity is unchanged in diabetes, but doubles during starvation. In contrast with earlier reports, both cytoplasmic and mitochondrial activities were found to be increased. 2. In kidney cortex, total enzyme activity is increased in both starved and diabetic animals. These changes are associated with increases in the cytoplasmic activity alone. 3. In diabetic animals the mean blood-glucose concentration was 23.1 mM. Other blood metabolites were lower than those in the rat, and the animals did not show significant ketosis. 4. Changes in the rates of gluconeogenesis from lactate and propionate paralleled those in phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.