1. Pyruvate kinase purified from the hepatopancrease of Carcinus maenas exhibited sigmoidal saturation kinetics with respect to the substrate phosphoenolpyruvate in the absence of the allosteric activator fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, but normal hyperbolic saturation was seen in the presence of this activator. The activation appears to be the result of a decrease in the s0.5 (phosphoenolpyruvate) and not to a change in Vmax. 2. In the presence of ADP and ATP at a constant nucleotide-pool size the results indicate that phosphoenolpyruvate co-operativity is lost on increasing the [ATP]/[ADP] ratio. 3. Paralleling this change is the observation that the fructose 1,6-bisphosphate activation became less at the [ATP]/[ATP] ratio was increased. This was due to the enzyme exhibiting a near-maximal activity in the absence of activator. 4. L-Alanine inhibited the enzyme, but homotropic co-operative interactions were only seen with a cruder (1000000g supernatant) enzyme preparation. The inhibition by alanine could be overcome by increasing the concentration of either phosphoenolpyruvate or fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, although increasing the L-alanine concentration did not appear to be able to reverse the activation by fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. 5. In the presence of a low concentration of phosphoenolpyruvate, increasing the concentration of the product, ATP, caused an initial increase in enzyme activity, followed by an inhibitory phase. In the presence of either fructose 1,6-bisphosphate or L-alanine only inhibition was seen. 6. The inhibition by ATP could not be completely reversed by fructose 1,6-bisphosphate.

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