1. Confluent human skin fibroblasts maintained in a chemically defined medium incorporate l-[1-3H]fucose in a linear manner with time into non-diffusible macromolecules for up to 48h. Chromatographic analysis demonstrated that virtually all the macromolecule-associated3H was present as [3H]fucose. 2. Equilibrium CsCl-density-gradient centrifugation established that [3H]fucose-labelled macromolecules released into the medium were predominantly glycoproteins. Confirmation of this finding was provided by molecular-size analyses of the [3H]fucose-labelled material before and after trypsin digestion. 3. The [3H]fucose-labelled glycoproteins released into fibroblast culture medium were analysed by gel-filtration chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. These techniques demonstrated that the major fucosylated glycoprotein had an apparent mol.wt. of 230000–250000; several minor labelled species were also detected. 4. Dual-labelling experiments with [3H]fucose and14C-labelled amino acids indicated that the major fucosylated glycoprotein was synthesized de novo by cultured fibroblasts. The non-collagenous nature of this glycoprotein was established by three independent methods. 5. Gel-filtration analysis before and after reduction with dithiothreitol showed that the major glycoprotein occurs as a disulphide-bonded dimer when analysed under denaturing conditions. Further experiments demonstrated that this glycoprotein was the predominant labelled species released into the medium when fibroblasts were incubated with [35S]cysteine. 6. The relationship between the major fucosylated glycoprotein and a glycoprotein, or group of glycoproteins, variously known as fibronectin, LETS protein, cell-surface protein etc., is discussed.
Research Article| October 15 1977
Biosynthesis and release of glycoproteins by human skin fibroblasts in culture
Christopher H. J. Sear;
Michael E. Grant;
Biochem J (1977) 168 (1): 91–103.
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Christopher H. J. Sear, Michael E. Grant, David S. Jackson; Biosynthesis and release of glycoproteins by human skin fibroblasts in culture. Biochem J 15 October 1977; 168 (1): 91–103. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1680091
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