Kidney and liver mitochondria of rat, rabbit and guinea pig are able to transform 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate into acetoacetate, whereas ox liver mitochondria and rat mitochondria of heart, diaphragm and brain do not exhibit such an activity. Starvation and streptozotocin treatment decreases the formation of acetoacetate from 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate. Addition of acetoacetate and succinate to the incubation media of mitochondria results in a decrease in the transformation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate into acetoacetate. A 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA hydrolase is present in rat liver mitochondria; the activity does not show appreciable changes after starvation or streptozotocin treatment.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.