1. Mitochondria isolated from cultures of Acanthamoeba castellanii exhibit respiratory control and oxidize α-oxoglutarate, succinate and NADH with ADP:O ratios of about 2.4, 1.4 and 1.25 respectively. 2. Mitochondria from cultures of which the respiration was stimulated up to 50% by 1mm-cyanide (type-A mitochondria) and from cyanide-sensitive cultures (type-B mitochondria) had similar respiratory-control ratios and ADP:O ratios. 3. State-3 rates of respiration were generally more cyanide-sensitive than State-4 rates, and the respiration of type-A mitochondria was more cyanide-resistant than that of type-B mitochondria. 4. Salicylhydroxamic acid alone had little effect on respiratory activities of either type of mitochondria, but when added together with cyanide, irrespective of the order of addition, inhibition was almost complete. 5. Oxidation of externally added NADH by type-A mitochondria was mainly via an oxidase with a low affinity for oxygen (Km[unk]15μm), which was largely cyanide-sensitive and partially antimycin A-sensitive; this electron-transport pathway was inhibited by ADP. 6. Cyanide-insensitive but salicylhydroxamic acid-sensitive respiration was stimulated by AMP and ADP, and by ATP after incubation in the presence of MgCl2. 7. Addition of rotenone to mitochondria oxidizing α-oxoglutarate lowered the ADP:O ratios by about one-third and rendered inhibition by cyanide more complete. 8. The results suggest that mitochondria of A. castellanii possess branched pathways of electron transport which terminate in three separate oxidases; the proportions of electron fluxes via these pathways vary at different stages of growth.

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