Lipogenesis is increased in hepatocytes from fed lactating rats compared with virgin rats. Inhibition of lipogenesis with 5-(tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid resulted in increased ketogenesis from endogenous substrate, but not from oleate. Dihydroxyacetone increased ketogenesis from endogenous substrate, but not from oleate. Dihydroxyacetone increased lipogenesis and esterification of [1–14C]oleate and decreased ketogenesis; these changes were reversed by the inhibitor. The reciprocal relationship between lipogenesis and ketogenesis in hepatocytes from fed rats may be due to alterations in [malonyl-CoA] [McGarry, Mannaerts & Foster (1977) J. Clin. Invest. 60, 265–270; Cook, King & Veech (1978) J. Biol. Chem. 253, 2529–2531], but this mechanism is not considered to be sufficient to explain the increased ketogenesis in starvation completely.

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