The beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin, purified immunochemically to eliminate undissociated human chorionic gonadotropin, induced testosterone production by mouse Leydig cells at concentrations 400-fold higher than human chorionic gonadotropin. Steroidogenesis was also stimulated by a synthetic fragment of the beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin conforming to the peptide sequence residues 39–71, whereas peptide sequence residues 39–56 and three C-terminal fragments (residues 115–145, 111–145 and 101–145) failed to cause steroidogenesis. These studies suggest the presence in the beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin of determinants recognized by the tissue receptors, a part of these determinants residing between amino acid residues 57–71.

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