A high-molecular-weight glycoprotein (LGP-I) was shown [Swann, Sotman, Dixon & Brooks (1977) Biochem. J. 161, 473–485] to be the major constituent in the articular lubricating fraction from bovine synovial fluid. In addition to the LGP-I component, a second glycoprotein (LGP-II) was also present. After fractionation of bovine synovial fluid by sequential sedimentation in CsCl density gradients, the LGP-I and LGP-II components were separated by gel-permeation chromatography. The LGP-II component was then purified by chromatography on DEAE Bio-Gel A and Bio-Gel P-150. The molecular weight of the LGP-II component was 48,800 calculated from sedimentation-equilibrium measurements. Amino acids represented 53% (w/w) and carbohydrate constituents 36% (w/w) of the molecule. Glutamic acid and lysine (144 and 100 residues/1000 residues) were the major amino acids. Glucosamine, mannose, galactose and N-acetylneuraminic acid [representing 8.0, 6.6, 9.5 and 11.9% (w/w) respectively] were the only carbohydrate constituents detected. Immunodiffusion analysis showed that LGP-II component did not form a detectable precipitin line with antiserum to bovine serum. It appears likely, therefore, that this glycoprotein is synthesized by the joint tissues and is not derived from serum.

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