1. [U-14C]Glucose and [3-3H]glucose were infused into fed and starved lactating goats in order to study glucose metabolism in the mammary gland. 2. Glucose carbon was oxidized and metabolizet to milk lactose, citrate and triacylglycerol in the lactating goat udder. 3. Recycling of glucose carbon in the lactating animal accounted for 10-20% of the total glucose turnover in the whole animal. Recycling of glucose 6-phosphate in the udder accounted for about 25% of the glucose 6-phosphate metabolized. 4. Flux of glucose 6-phosphate through the pentose phosphate pathway was sufficient to account for 34% of the NADPH required for fatty acid synthesis in the gland in the fed animal. 5. Net metabolism of glucose 6-phosphate via the pentose phosphate pathway accounted for 17.8 and 1.2% of the glucose phosphorylated by the mammary gland in the fed and starved animal respectively. Metabolism of glucose 6-phosphate via the pentose phosphate pathway was sufficient to account for all the CO2 produced from glucose in the fed animal, but only 17% of the CO2 produced from glucose in the starved animal.

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