Kynurenine–glyoxylate aminotransferase, alanine–glyoxylate aminotransferase and serine–pyruvate aminotransferase were co-purified and crystallized as yellow cubes from human liver particulate fraction. The crystalline enzyme was homogeneous by the criteria of electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing, gel filtration, sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation and analytical ultracentrifugation. The molecular weight of the enzyme was calculated as approx. 90000, 89000 and 99000 by the use of gel filtration, analytical ultracentrifugation and sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation respectively, with two identical subunits. The enzyme has a s20,w value of 5.23S, an isoelectric point of 8.3 and a pH optimum between 9.0 and 9.5. The enzyme solution showed absorption maxima at 280 and 420nm. The enzyme catalysed transamination between several l-amino acids and pyruvate or glyoxylate. The order of effectiveness of amino acids was alanine>serine>glutamine>glutamate>methionine>kynurenine = phenylalanine = asparagine>valine>histidine>lysine>leucine>isoleucine>arginine>tyrosine = threonine>aspartate, with glyoxylate as amino acceptor. The enzyme was active with glyoxylate, oxaloacetate, hydroxypyruvate, pyruvate, 4-methylthio-2-oxobutyrate and 2-oxobutyrate, but showed little activity with phenylpyruvate, 2-oxoglutarate and 2-oxoadipate, with kynurenine as amino donor. Kynurenine–glyoxylate aminotransferase activity was competitively inhibited by the addition of l-alanine or l-serine. From these results we conclude that kynurenine–glyoxylate aminotransferase, alanine–glyoxylate aminotransferase and serine–pyruvate aminotransferase activities of human liver are catalysed by a single protein. Kinetic parameters for the kynurenine–glyoxylate aminotransferase, alanine–glyoxylate aminotransferase, serine–pyruvate aminotransferase and alanine–hydroxypyruvate aminotransferase reactions of the enzyme are presented.
Crystallization and characterization of human liver kynurenine–glyoxylate aminotransferase. Identity with alanine–glyoxylate aminotransferase and serine–pyruvate aminotransferase
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Etsuo Okuno, Yohsuke Minatogawa, Masayuki Nakamura, Naoki Kamoda, Junko Nakanishi, Minoru Makino, Ryo Kido; Crystallization and characterization of human liver kynurenine–glyoxylate aminotransferase. Identity with alanine–glyoxylate aminotransferase and serine–pyruvate aminotransferase. Biochem J 1 September 1980; 189 (3): 581–590. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1890581
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