A dimeric glycoprotein, glucose oxidase, was allowed to react with lysine-specific cross-linkers, both when immobilized on a succinoylated lectin matrix at a critically low density and also at a high density in solution. Analysis of the cross-linked complexes thus obtained led to the following inferences with regard to the structure of this protein. (1) Of the 15 lysine residues on each glucose oxidase protomer, none is available on the non-interfacial surfaces. (2) Assuming that this protein possesses C2 symmetry with isologous bonding between subunits, it may be inferred that on each promoter there are at least two lysine clusters along or close to the interprotomeric interface. (3) These ‘interfacial’ lysine residues on each protomer are so oriented that the epsilon-amino groups of lysine residues a and b on protomer 1 ‘face’, and are very close to, the epsilon-amino groups of lysine residues b' and a' respectively on protomer 2. General inferences on the geometry of dimeric proteins derivable from an analysis of the cross-linked complexes obtained (as well as those not seen) by using this low-density matrix cross-linking approach were enumerated. Modified lectin matrices may prove useful in studying the three-dimensional structure of glycoproteins, particularly non-crystallizable oligomers.

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