1. Tyrosine aminotransferase from guinea-pig liver is inactivated at neutral pH by a factor localized in the microsomal fraction. The inactivation, independent of exogenous L-cysteine, is rapidly reversed by addition of dithiothreitol. 2. The effects of physiological reducing agents on the enzyme inactivation were investigated. L-Cysteine and L-cysteamine enhance the inactivation rate of the enzyme in the presence of microsomal membranes, and also they are able to bring about the loss in enzyme activity independently of microsomal action. Reduced glutathione, at physiological concentration, and NADPH decrease the inactivation rate. Other physiological reducing compounds, as well as oxidized glutathione and NADP+, are without effect. 3. Neither reduced glutathione nor NADPH, unlike dithiothreitol and mercaptoethanol, is able to restore the activity of partially inactivated tyrosine aminotransferase. 4. It is proposed that the intracellular concentration of reduced glutathione might modulate the rate of inactivation of the enzyme in vivo.

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