The present study was undertaken to investigate a possible involvement of phospholipid methyltransferases in the coupling of receptor-mediated stimulation to secretion. Phospholipid methyltransferases were assayed in isolated parotid acini in the presence of carbamoylcholine or isoprenaline. Carbamoylcholine reduced the incorporation of methyl groups into phospholipids, whereas isoprenaline showed no effect. Amylase secretion stimulated either by carbamoylcholine or by isoprenaline could not be affected by inhibitors of methyltransferases (3-deaza-adenosine alone or plus homocysteine thiolactone) under conditions where phospholipid methylation was strongly inhibited. The activity of adenylate cyclase in isolated parotid microsomal membranes was not inhibited or stimulated by S-adenosyl-homocysteine or -methionine respectively. These results indicate that phospholipid methylation does not play an essential role in stimulus-secretion coupling in the parotid gland.

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