The purpose of the present study was to explore the interaction of phosphatidylinositol breakdown and the turnover of arachidonic acid in isolated rat pancreatic acini by using receptor agonists and the calcium ionophore ionomycin. Acini prelabelled with myo-[3H]inositol in vivo responded to carbachol with a rapid breakdown of phosphatidylinositol. In the presence of [32P]Pi, carbachol increased labelling of phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylinositol within 1 and 5 min respectively. Carbachol also rapidly stimulated the incorporation of [14C]arachidonic acid into phosphatidylinositol within 2 min, and the peptidergic secretagogue caerulein caused the loss of radioactivity from phospholipids prelabelled with arachidonic acid. Ca2+ deprivation partially impaired the stimulatory action of carbachol on arachidonic acid turnover. In contrast with its stimulatory effects on [32P]Pi and [14C]arachidonate incorporation, carbachol inhibited the incorporation of the saturated fatty acid stearic acid into phosphatidylinositol. Whereas ionomycin stimulation of phosphatidylinositol breakdown and [32P]Pi labelling of phospholipids was slower in onset and less effective than carbachol stimulation, the ionophore effectively promoted (arachidonyl) phosphatidylinositol turnover within 2 min. These results implicate two separate pathways for stimulated phosphatidylinositol degradation in the exocrine pancreas, involving phospholipases A2 and C. Whereas mobilization of cellular Ca2+ appears sufficient to cause activation of phospholipase A2 and amylase secretion, additional events triggered by receptor activation may be required to act in concert with Ca2+ to optimally stimulate phospholipase C. The nature of the interaction between phospholipases A2 and C and their specific physiological roles in pancreatic secretion remain to be elucidated.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.