Administration of an oral load of glucose did not change the rate of lipogenesis in maternal liver during late gestation. However, streptozotocin-induced diabetes or starvation decreased maternal liver lipogenesis at 20-22 days of gestation. Glucose intubation, on the other hand, increased foetal lipogenesis at 21-22 days. In addition, maternal starvation decreased foetal lipogenesis and plasma insulin concentration. However, chronic hyperglycaemia induced by streptozotocin administration to the mother did not change foetal liver lipogenesis.

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