We have investigated the effects of phospholipase A2 and C on the synthesis of prostaglandin E2 in rabbit kidney medulla and the release of fatty acids from the medulla slices. Exogenous phospholipase A2 [from Naja naja (Indian cobra) venom] and phospholipase C (from Clostridium welchii) stimulated prostaglandin E2 production in a dose-dependent manner. At the maximal effective concentrations (0.5 unit of phospholipase A2/ml, 2 units of phospholipase C/ml), phospholipase C increased prostaglandin E2 formation to the level observed with phospholipase A2. Phospholipase A2 enhanced the release only of unsaturated fatty acids, whereas phospholipase C stimulated the release of individual free fatty acids (C 16:0, C 18:0, C 18:1, C 18:2 and C 20:4). Moreover, p-bromophenacyl bromide inhibited phospholipase A2-stimulated prostaglandin E2 production and the release of fatty acids, but it had no influence on prostaglandin E2 formation and the release of fatty acids increased by phospholipase C, indicating that the stimulatory effect of phospholipase C is not mediated through the activation of endogenous phospholipase A2. These results suggest the presence of diacylglycerol lipase and monoacylglycerol lipase in the kidney and the importance of this pathway in prostaglandin synthesis by the kidney.

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